References for the Flexion / Distraction Alternative to Back Surgery

 

  • Chou R et al: Interventional Therapies, Surgery, and Interdisciplinary Rehabilitation for Low Back Pain An Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guideline From the American Pain Society.  Spine 2009; 34 (10)

  • Bigos SJ et al: Acute Low Back Problems in Adults. Clinical Practice Guideline No 14, Agency for Health Care Policy and Research Publication No. 95-0642, Public Health Service, U.S. Dept of Health and Human Services, December, 1994

  • Daffner, SD; Hymanson, HJ; Wang, JC. Cost and use of conservative management of lumbar disc herniation before surgical discectomy. SPINE JOURNAL 2010; 10 (6): 463-468

  • Simotas AC: Non operative treatment for lumbar spinal stenosis: clinical and outcome results and a 3 year survivorship analysis. Spine 2000;25(2)

  • McCullogh: Spine 21(24S)

  • Atlas S, Keller RB, Wu YA, Deyo RA, Singer DE: Long Term Outcomes Of Surgical And Non Surgical Management Of Sciatica Secondary To Lumbar Disc Herniation: 10 Year Results From The Maine Lumbar Spine Study. Spine 2005; 30(8)

  • Atlas SJ, Keller RB, Su YA, Deyo RA, Singer DE.Long Term Outcomes Of Surgical And Non-surgical Management Of Lumbar Spinal Stenosis: 8 To 10 Year Results From The Maine Lumbar Spine Study. Spine 2005; 30(8)

  • Murphy, DR; Hurwitz, EL; Gregory, AA; Clary, R. A non-surgical approach to the management of lumbar spinal stenosis: A prospective observational cohort study. BMC MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS 2006; 7:NIL_1-NIL_8

  • Cooperstein R, Perle SM, Gatterman MI, Lantz C, Schneider MJ: Chiropractic Technique Procedures For Specific Low Back Conditions: Characterizing The Literature. J of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics 2001;24(6):407-11

  • Cox et al: Topics in Clinical Chiropractic 1996; 3(3):45-54, 79-81

  • Mootz R, Waldorf T: Chiropractic care parameters for common industrial low back conditions. Chiropractic Technique 1995; 5(3):119-125

  • Gudavalli R in Cox JM: Low Back Pain: Mechanism, Diagnosis, Treatment, 6th edition, Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 1999, Appendix B

 

References for Flexion / Distraction Relieving Back Pain

 

  • Snow G: Chiropractic management of a patient with lumbar spinal stenosis. JMPT 24(4):

  • Gudavalli R, Cambron J, Mcgregor M, Jedlicka J, Keenum M, Ghanayem A, Patwardhan A:A Randomized Clinical Trial and Subgroup Analysis to Compare Flexion - Distraction with Active Exercise for Chronic Low Back Pain.  European Spine Journal 2006; 15(7):1070-1082

  • Moran C: Leg Sided Lumbosacral pain with L4-L5 Disc Herniation and Stenosis Controlled with Cox Technic. published online at www.coxtechnic.com as Case Report #87, August 2010.

  • Crawford MC: Chiropractic management of acute low back pain. Alternative Ther Health Med 1999; 5(1):112

  • Cox JM, Hazen LJ, Mungovan M: Distraction manipulation reduction of an L5-S1 disk herniation. J of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics 16(5): 342-346

 

References for Spinal Stenosis Relief with Flexion / Distraction

 

  • Chou R et al: Interventional Therapies, Surgery, and Interdisciplinary Rehabilitation for Low Back Pain An Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guideline From the American Pain Society.  SPINE 2009; 34 (10)

  • Gudavalli MR, Cox JM, Baker JA, Cramer GD, Patwardhan AG: Intervertebral Disc Pressure Changes During a Chiropractic Procedure. Abstract from the Proceedings of the Bioengineering Conference, Phoenix

  • Kruse RA, Gregerson D: Cervical Spinal stenosis resulting in radiculopathy treated with flexion-distraction manipulation: A case study. J of  the Neuromusculoskeletal System  2002;10(4):141-7 

  • Snow G: Chiropractic management of a patient with lumbar spinal stenosis. JMPT 2001; 24(4): 300-304

  • DuPriest CM:  Nonoperative management of lumbar spinal stenosis. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics 1993;16(6):411-4

  • Gudavalli S, Kruse R: Foraminal stenosis with radiculopathy from a cervical disc herniation in a 33-year-old man treated with flexion-distraction decompression manipulation. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics 2008; 31(5):376-380

 

References for Back Pain Specialist

 

  • Deis N, Findlay J: Appropriateness of lumbar spine referrals to a neurosurgical service. Can J Neurol Sci. 2010 Nov;37(6):843-8.

  • Carey T et al: Care-seeking among individuals with chronic low back pain. Spine 1995; 20(3):312-7 

  • deLuigi A, Fitzpatrick K: Physical Examination in radiculopathy. Phys Med and Rehabil of N Amer 2011; 22(1):7-40 

 

References for Evidence-Based Chiropractic Spinal Care

 

  • Sackett, D.L. et al. (1996), Evidence based medicine: What it is and What it isn't. BMJ 312(7023), 13 January, 71-72  as quote by the American Chiropractic Association

  • Chou R et al: Interventional Therapies, Surgery, and Interdisciplinary Rehabilitation for Low Back Pain An Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guideline From the American Pain Society.  SPINE 2009;34 (10)

  • Liliedahl R et al: Cost of care for common back pain conditions initiated with chiropractic doctor vs medical doctor/doctor of osteopathy as first physician: experience of one Tennessee-based general health insurer.     J of Manip and Physio Therap 2010; 33(9):640-3

  • Boudreau, LA; Busse, JW; McBride, G . Chiropractic services in the Canadian Armed Forces: A pilot project. MILITARY MEDICINE 171 (6). JUN 2006. p.572-576

  • Cambron GA, Gudavalli MR, McGregor M et al: Amount of health care and self-care following a randomized clinical trial comparing flexion-distraction with exercise program for chronic low back pain. Osteopathy and Chiropractic 2006; 14:19

  • Cambron GA, Gudavalli MR, Hedecker D et al: One-Year Follow-Up of a Randomized Clinical Trial Comparing Flexion Distraction with an Exercise Program for Chronic Low-Back Pain. J of Alternative and Complementary Medicine 2006; 12(7): 659-668

  • http://www.coxtechnic.com/doctors/biomechanical-outcomes

  • Gudavalli R, Cambron JA, McGregor M et al: A randomized clinical trial and subgroup analysis to compare flexion–distraction with active exercise for chronic low back pain. European Spine Journal 2006; 15: 1070-1082

 

References for Flexion / Distraction - Non-Surgical Spinal Decompression

 

  • Gudavalli R in Cox JM: Low Back Pain: Mechanism, Diagnosis, Treatment, 6th edition, Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 1999, Appendix B

  • Gudavalli R, Cambron JA, McGregor M et al: A randomized clinical trial and subgroup analysis to compare flexion–distraction with active exercise for chronic low back pain. European Spine Journal 2006; 15: 1070-1082

  • Cambron GA, Gudavalli MR, McGregor M et al: Amount of health care and self-care following a randomized clinical trial comparing flexion-distraction with exercise program for chronic low back pain. Osteopathy and Chiropractic 2006; 14:19

  • Cambron GA, Gudavalli MR, Hedecker D et al: One-Year Follow-Up of a Randomized Clinical Trial Comparing Flexion Distraction with an Exercise Program for Chronic Low-Back Pain. J of Alternative and Complementary Medicine 2006; 12(7): 659-668

  • http://www.coxtechnic.com/news/listing-of-research-articles-on-cox-technic

  • http://www.coxtechnic.com/doctors/biomechanical-outcomes

  • Gudavalli MR, Cox JM, Baker JA, Cramer GD, Patwardhan AG: Intervertebral Disc Pressure Changes During a Chiropractic Procedure. Abstract from the Proceedings of the Bioengineering Conference, Phoenix

  • Cox et al: Topics in Clinical Chiropractic 1996; 3(3):45-54, 79-81

  • Gudavalli R, Cambron J, Mcgregor M, Jedlicka J, Keenum M, Ghanayem A, Patwardhan A:A Randomized Clinical Trial and Subgroup Analysis to Compare Flexion - Distraction with Active Exercise for Chronic Low Back Pain.  European Spine Journal 2006; 15(7):1070-1082

  • Daffner, SD; Hymanson, HJ; Wang, JC. Cost and use of conservative management of lumbar disc herniation before surgical discectomy. SPINE JOURNAL 2010; 10 (6): 463-468

  • Liliedahl R et al: Cost of care for common back pain conditions initiated with chiropractic doctor vs medical doctor/doctor of osteopathy as first physician: experience of one Tennessee-based general health insurer.  J of Manip and Physio Therap 2010; 33(9):640-3

 

References for Flexion / Distraction

 

  • Cox et al: Topics in Clinical Chiropractic 1996; 3(3):45-54, 79-81

  • Schliesser JS, Kruse RA, Fleming Fallon L: Cervical radiculopathy treated with chiropractic flexion distraction manipulation: a retrospective study in a private practice setting. Journal of Manipulation and Physiological Therapeutics 2003; 26(9):592-596

 

References for Leg Pain

 

  • Cox et al: Topics in Clinical Chiropractic 1996; 3(3):45-54, 79-81

  • Gudavalli R, Cambron JA, McGregor M et al: A randomized clinical trial and subgroup analysis to compare flexion–distraction with active exercise for chronic low back pain. European Spine Journal 2006; 15: 1070-1082

  • Cambron GA, Gudavalli MR, McGregor M et al: Amount of health care and self-care following a randomized clinical trial comparing flexion-distraction with exercise program for chronic low back pain. Osteopathy and Chiropractic 2006; 14:19

  • Cambron GA, Gudavalli MR, Hedecker D et al: One-Year Follow-Up of a Randomized Clinical Trial Comparing Flexion Distraction with an Exercise Program for Chronic Low-Back Pain. J of Alternative and Complementary Medicine 2006; 12(7): 659-668

 

References for Spinal Manipulation Is First Line of Care for Back Pain Relief

 

  • Chou, R et al; Interventional Therapies, Surgery, and Interdisciplinary Rehabilitation for Low Back Pain An Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guideline From the American Pain Society.  SPINE 34 (10). MAY 1 2009. 

  • Breuer, B; Cruciani, R; Portenoy, RK. Pain Management by Primary Care Physicians, Pain Physicians, Chiropractors, and Acupuncturists: A National Survey. SOUTHERN MEDICAL JOURNAL 103 (8). AUG 2010. p.738-747

  • Earhart, JS; Roberts, D; Roc, G; Gryzlo, S; Hsu, W: Effects of Lumbar Disk Herniation on the Careers of Professional Baseball Players. Orthopedics 35 (1). JAN 2012. p.43-49

  • Haugen, AJ; Grovle, L; Brox, JI; Natvig, B; Keller, A; Soldal, D; Grotle, M. Estimates Of Success In Patients With Sciatica Due To Lumbar Disc Herniation Depend Upon Outcome Measure. European Spine Journal 20 (10). Oct 2011. P.1669-1675

  • Balagué F, Piguet V, Dudler J. Steroids for LBP - from rationale to inconvenient truth. Swiss Med Wkly. 2012 Apr 11;142:0. doi: 10.4414/smw.2012.13566

  • Pinto, RZ; Maher, CG; Ferreira, ML; Ferreira, PH; Hancock, M; Oliveira, VC; McLachlan, AJ; Koes, B. Drugs for relief of pain in patients with sciatica: systematic review and meta-analysis. BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL 344. FEB 13 2012. p.NIL_3-NIL_17

  • Divrik Gökçe S, Gökçe E, Coşkun M. Radiology Residents' Awareness about Ionizing Radiation Doses in Imaging Studies and Their Cancer Risk during Radiological Examinations. Korean J Radiol. 2012 Mar;13(2):202-9. Epub 2012 Mar 7.

  • Gudavalli R. et al. A randomized clinical trial and subgroup analysis to compare flexion-distraction with active exercise for chronic low back pain. Eur Spine J 2006;15(6):1070-82 

 

References for "Location, Location, Location...Level, Level, Level"

 

  • Bell: Diagnosis of lumbar disc disease. Sem in Spine Surg 1994;6(3)

  • Longo UG, Loppini M, Romeo G, Maffulli N, Denaro V. Errors of level in spinal surgery: An evidence-based systematic review. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2012 Nov;94(11):1546-50. doi: 10.1302/0301-620X.94B11.29553.

 

Dr. Ronald Gefaller

Relief Care Chiropractic Center

 

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